This program investigates the point where the philosophy of religion of Daisetsu Suzuki and Kitaro Nishida intersects with the folklore of Kumagusu Minakata, Kunio Yanagita and Shinobu Orikuchi. Folklore in Japan had a close relationship to the ethnology of Europe during the same period, and the philosophy of religion was closely related to pragmatism as established in the United States at the same time, fusing psychology and philosophy. As the world became more interconnected, both were conceived as studies of the unknown, exploring the mentality peculiar to the Japanese islands at the eastern edge of Eurasia. Japan’s study of folklore considered the way in which the world thought about the Japanese chain of islands, and, in turn, the way that the Japanese thought about the world. Folklore resonated with surrealism, which had ethnology as one of its early interests. The philosophy of religion gave birth to the mystical philosophy of Toshihiko Izutsu and the Folk craft of Muneyoshi Yanagi. This program seeks to revive this historical lineage of scholarship, in which being unique is linked with universality.
Art Anthropology 16号《贈与と祝祭の哲学》